Source: NIPHM and Directorate of Plant Protection, Quarantine & Storage. Few of them are very harmful, and few slowly affect the tree by gradually reducing overall yield. Botryosphaeria disrupta The tree turns week resulting in low yield. • Manimekalai, R. Soumya, V.P., Sathish Kumar, R., Selvarajan, R., Krishna Reddy, M., Sasikala, George V Thomas., Rajeev M and Baranwal, V.K. You can use our Multiplex Coconut Mix of 1 kg, a multi-micronutrient fertilizer that produces regular flowering, quality and improved yield with bigger sized nuts. Page 1 of 1382. Macrosporium cocos In fact, leaves and crowns are reduced gradually affecting the yield. Lethal Yellowing, or LY as it is commonly called, is one of the most common diseases of the coconut palm tree and has been especially devastating to trees in southern Florida. Most coconut palm tree diseases are caused by fungus and bacteria and are spread from tree to tree by the wind, insects and rodents. You can use organic manure again to get rid of this disease (50kg / year on each palm). Slowly these spots turn fully grayish white leading to complete drying of leaves when the infection turns severe. Mycosphaerella palmicola Glomerella cingulata (Colletotrichum gloeosporioides, anamorph), Ceratocystis paradoxa (Chalara paradoxa, anamorph), Ceratocystis paradoxa (Chalara paradoxa, Thielaviopsis paradoxa, anamorphs), Fusarium solani Bud rot: Early symptoms occur with yellowing of one or two leaves. Saffron: The World’s Most Expensive Spice. Graphium sp. Slowly these spots turn fully grayish white leading to complete drying of leaves when the infection turns severe. Ganoderma zonatum, Alternaria sp. Phytophthora palmivora, Botryosphaeria cocogena Phytophthora katsurae This is a gradual process if left untreated will result in limited to no yield or smaller nuts. Macrophoma sp. You will find minute yellow spots surrounded by grayish bands right on the surface of grown leaves. Identification of Common Coconut Tree Disease. Corticium penicillatum You can use our Multiplex Coconut Mix of 1 kg, a multi-micronutrient fertilizer that produces regular flowering, quality and improved yield with bigger sized nuts. Melanconium sp. At present, the disease is spreading at a faster rate in Coimbatore, Erode, Dindigul, Tirunelveli, Kanyakumari and other districts of Tamil Nadu and causing 10 – 25 per cent yield loss. Ideal Plants for North – South – East – West Windows, Say Hola to Hoya (Wax Plant, Porcelain Flower), Thanda Thanda Pudina: A Summer Slayer Herb. Over the time, cracks are built on coconut stem on which liquid becomes one of the diseases that decays its tissues leading to limited yield. Often trunks of trees develop big holes which can be avoided with the use of fertilizers or organic manure such as cow manure that prevents plants and trees from numerous diseases. Maintain minimum 250 ml of watering a week and adequate drainage systems. Epicoccum nigrum Helminthosporium sp. The tree turns week resulting in low yield. It comes in powdered form and can be mixed with soil for a fantastic result. Over the time, cracks are built on coconut stem on which liquid becomes one of the diseases that decays its tissues leading to limited yield. Lethal Yellowing. Crown choking: Leaves grow smaller in sizes and fail to unfurl. Black spots occur on leaves, and later they fall. Drechslera gigantea Fusarium verticillioides In this case, leaves turn yellow and bend abnormally. Leaf rot: Leaves tend to change color, turn black and younger leaves break off easily. Phytophthora nicotianae To avoid this condition organic manure or fertilizer can be used to prevent such diseases and increase the look and yield of palm. A lone coconut tree on a tropical beach front with a lovely blue sky in the background. This article is a list of diseases of coconut palms (Cocos nucifera). Early symptoms occur with yellowing of one or two leaves. Griffon and Maubl.is an emerging serious problem in Pollachi tract of Tamil Nadu. 2010. Chance of confusing the pests and disease symptom with the root (wilt) disease; IPM for Coconut. You might have witnessed the stem of coconut tree extracting reddish brown liquid out of the cracks. Graphium sp. Grey leaf spot: You will find minute yellow spots surrounded by grayish bands right on the surface of grown leaves. Overall gives choked appearance leading to the death of the palm. Lasiodiplodia theobromae, Ceratocystis paradoxa (Chalara paradoxa, Thielaviopsis paradoxa, anamorphs) Thielaviopsis, Ceratobasidium noxium To avoid this condition organic manure or fertilizer can be used to prevent such diseases and increase the look and yield of palm. The root (wilt) affected coconut are susceptible to diseases such as leaf rot and pests such as rhinoceros beetle and red palm weevil. Cercospora sp. Over the time, cracks are built on coconut stem on which liquid becomes one of the diseases that decays its tissues leading to limited yield. Diseases that affect coconut tree are: Stem bleeding: You might have witnessed the stem of coconut tree extracting reddish brown liquid out of the cracks. Some of the more common coconut tree disease issues include fungal or bacterial problems. Isolation of diseased trees from healthy palms by digging isolation trenches of 1m depth and 0.5m depth. Root disease: In this case, leaves turn yellow and bend abnormally. Phomopsis sp. Coconut tree infected with bud rot pathogen Phytophthora palmivora ... Palms between 14 and 40 years old most susceptible; disease occurs in all coconut growing regions; diseases emergence favored by high rainfall. 0 0 ratings and 0 comments. Coconut trees are prone to some diseases. To know the IPM practices for Coconut, click here. Stem bleeding: You might have witnessed the stem of coconut tree extracting reddish brown liquid out of the cracks. Pseudoepicoccum cocos This fertilizer is a mixture of Iron, Manganese, Zinc, Copper, Molybdenum and Boron Micronutrient. Coconut Tree Stock Photos and Images (138,187) coconut tree climbing | coconut tree leaf | coconut tree trunk | coconut tree vector | man coconut tree carrying. This fertilizer is a mixture of Iron, Manganese, Zinc, Copper, Molybdenum and Boron Micronutrient. Phytophthora spp. Periconiella cocoes Pellicularia filamentosa, Common Names of Diseases, The American Phytopathological Society, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_coconut_palm_diseases&oldid=945701358, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Manimekalai, R. Soumya, V.P., Sathish Kumar, R., Selvarajan, R., Krishna Reddy, M., Sasikala, George V Thomas., Rajeev M and Baranwal, V.K. Fungal pathogens can cause bud rot, which is diagnosed by the appearance of black lesions on young fronds and leaves. Other kinds of coconut tree problems include diseases. Black spots occur on leaves, and later they fall. Often trunks of trees develop big holes which can be avoided with the use of fertilizers or organic manure such as cow manure that prevents plants and trees from numerous diseases. This is a gradual process if left untreated will result in limited to no yield or smaller nuts. Maintain minimum 250 ml of watering a week and adequate drainage systems. Let us give you a brief on the diseases that infest the coconut tree and ways to protect it. The leaf blight disease of coconut caused by the fungus Lasiodiplodia (Botryodiplodia) theobromae (Pat.) Capitorostrum cocoes Overall gives choked appearance leading to the death of the palm. Plant disease 94:636, This page was last edited on 15 March 2020, at 17:03. Cylindrocladium pteridis Cochliobolus lunatus Rhizoctonia solani, Ceratocystis paradoxa (Thielaviopsis paradoxa, anamorph), Ganoderma orbiforme Coconut tree climber. Phytophthora katsurae Molecular detection of 16Sr XI group Phytoplasma associated with Root (Wilt) Disease of coconut (Cocos nucifera L.) in India. Leaves tend to change color, turn black and younger leaves break off easily. You can use organic manure again to get rid of this disease (50kg / year on each palm). Phyllosticta palmetto Phytophthora nicotianae Easy ways to control weeds: Now say goodbye to weeds, Tomato irrigation: 4 watering points that every farmer should know. As the disease spreads, the tree becomes weak and has a difficult time … 2010. Molecular detection of 16Sr XI group Phytoplasma associated with Root (Wilt) Disease of coconut (Cocos nucifera L.) in India. Tatipaka: The symptoms of this disease were first appeared in Tatipaka Village based in East Godavari District, Andhra Pradesh just after a cyclone that hit the village in 1949. Ramularia necator, Fusarium verticillioides It comes in powdered form and can be mixed with soil for a fantastic result.

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