Bacterial infections except chlamydiae: Specimen consists of exudate, collected by a sterile platinum loop … ADVERTISEMENTS: List of ten important bacterial diseases: 1. A Leptospirosis bacterial infection occurs when a dog drinks stagnant water contaminated by urine or fecal matter. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) / CC BY 2.0. Laboratory diagnosis: 1. APHA [American Public Health Association] Press; 2000. Generally bacteria are of two types namely gram positive and gram negative. The symptoms of a bacterial infection will depend on the location of the infection and the type of bacteria. Keratitis: Causes: Mostly herpes virus and foreign body with secondary infection due to bacteria or fungi. Bacteria may also enter your body through your airway and cause infections like bacterial pneumonia. Cholera 4. ISBN 978-0-87553-189-2; Red Book: 2009 Report of the Committee on Infectious Diseases. Infectious types of bacteria can sometimes invade the body and cause a variety of medical conditions, which may need to be treated with prescription medications such as antibiotics. Infection is a successful invasion of pathogenic micro-organisms including bacteria, viruses, fungi and algae. One of the bacteria of concern today is Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) a bacterium associated with Klebsiella species and Escherichia coli (E. coli). While young felines have a better immunity against major bacterial infections, the youngest ones are more prone to infections because of the lack of major antibodies. In rare cases, these types of infections can be severe and could spread to other areas of the body. Salmonellosis. The symptoms of viral and bacterial illnesses are sometimes similar. Osteomyelitis. High or low temperatures, shivering, chills, fast breathing, and rapid heartbeats are early signs of sepsis. The lungs are particularly vulnerable to bacterial infections. This page does not cover conditions such as ringworm or athlete’s foot (fungal), cold sores (viral) or scabies (parasitic), although these conditions can allow bacterial infections to take hold, too. About Bacterial Infection. Dental caries, also known as tooth decay or cavity, is a bacterial infection that causes demineralization and destruction of the hard tissues (enamel, dentin, and cementum). Bacterial skin infections. Bacteria are capable of reproducing on their own. Bacteria are the most common causes of UTIs, especially in the urethra and bladder. 28th ed. There are some general signs of bacterial infection: fever Other examples of bacterial lung diseases include Legionnaire's disease, inhalation anthrax and whooping cough, also known as pertussis 4. Serious kinds of infections will require medical attention and help in strengthening the immune system. Gonorrhoea 9. The type of bacteria causing an infection will usually influence the type of treatment given. Other types of bacterial infections include urinary tract infections (including bladder and kidney infections) and dental abscesses , as well as infections caused by MRSA , Group B Streptococcus , and C. Difficile . Various tests are carried out in a laboratory to establish or confirm the diagnosis of a bacterial skin infection.Although a thorough history and examination of the patient are vital, laboratory tests can help the clinician to reach a diagnosis. Find out more about antibiotics, and about multidrug-resistant ‘superbugs’, which are very difficult to treat. Bacterial and viral infections have many things in common. Bacterial skin infections often begin as small, red bumps that slowly increase in size. Bacteria are group of micro-organisms that are a single cell approximately 1 micron in transverse diameter. Plague 8. Pneumococcal pneumonia is a common example, although other types of bacteria and viruses can also cause pneumonia. Fungal Sinus Infections/Fungal Rhinosinusitis. Registered office: Antibiotic Research UK Genesis 5 York Science Park Heslington In general, bacterial infections are treated with antibiotics as a course. Diphtheria 3. Pertussis 6. These bacterial diseases examples are commonly spread only when person comes in contact with this bacterium that stays in human body. Out more about types of bacteria that cause infection are explained below: Staphylococcus colonize the,! About multidrug-resistant ‘ superbugs ’, which are very difficult to treat Public Health Association ] Press 2000... Prevent many important bacterial diseases: 1 and can be somewhat difficult treat... Mild infections, like influenza, are caused by bacteria may also enter your body, you get... Infections caused by bacteria may also enter your body, you can get infections illnesses! That stays in human body drinks stagnant water contaminated by urine or fecal matter teeth, gums, these! 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