We wanted to compare the two different generations and their views on gender stereotypes and how their religious views affect them. endobj endobj Another definition of androgyny is “a condition under which the characteristics of the sexes, and the human impulses expressed by men and women are not rigidly assigned" (Guastello, et al., 2003). 7 Vol. 2018-12-29T03:34:22-08:00 8 Vol. This gave us a better understanding of how religion still plays into gender roles and certain stereotypes. Another study by the “Journal of Gender Studies” gives that female expectations and attributes are sensitivity and affection, while male roles are aggression and courage (Lopez-Zafra & Garcia-Retamero, 2012). <> Although many stereotypes are still present it is the progression of the generation gap that has led to constructs of generations (Guastello & Guastello, 2003). Early Child Development and Care, 1-7. Religion exerts a profound influence on all societies and many of the world's peoples. Religion and Gender aims to develop knowledge and understanding of the role of gender in religious experience and tradition; and to explore the relationship between gender roles in societies and religions, in particular the Christian traditions. "Religion," Bahá'u'lláh states, "is the greatest of all means for the establishment of order in the world and for the peaceful contentment of all that dwell therein." 270). Thorne, B. uuid:a1de0db7-aa6f-11b2-0a00-782dad000000 endobj Stanik, C., & Bryant, C. (2012). ©2002-2016 All rights reserved by the Undergraduate Research Community. Androgyny attributes help to give men the justification to act in a more feminine way and women the justification to act in a more masculine way. In modern culture within the past hundred years there has been a movement to eliminate unequal or oppressive gender stereotypes and therefore the roles that are associated with those stereotypes. Sex Roles, 66(3/4), 256-267. Additional emails were sent to a local church, College Park, various adult small groups, in order to reach the older generation. Religion plays a vital role in shaping cultural, social, economic, and political norms in many parts of the world. addthis_logo_color = '453f27'; NORA: Nordic Journal of Women’s Studies, 22(3), 219-237. <> Prince 9.0 rev 5 (www.princexml.com) 1 0 obj This will help for the negative stigmas to be challenged, negative stigmas such as men staying home to raise children and not women as well as women working for primary household income. Retrieved October 7, 2015, from http://www.huffingtonpost.com/warren-j-blumenfeld/examining-medias-socializ_b_3721982.html. 13 Vol. endobj 10 Vol. <> Religion and Gender in Christian, Jewish, and Muslim Married Couples 2018-12-29T03:34:22-08:00 The media can impact a person’s gender role development because it exposes people to a wide range of different gender roles. Confidentiality was kept throughout the survey process, as it was an anonymous survey and the answers and the individual who completed the survey could not be matched up. Examining Media's Socialization of Gender Roles. While many traditional gender roles have stemmed from historical Biblical interpretations of these roles, a study done by the “Journal of Feminist Studies in Religion” at Indiana University claims that modern Biblical interpretations of these roles accepts that the role of females has been widely misconstrued. Witt, S. (1997). We will not personally study this further, however for future studies done on this subject it would be good to get a wider variation of religion as well as age. We also asked the participants to rate the importance of religion, family, friends, history, and an option for other to see what was most important for planning their future. 5 Vol. This research on Christianity as a religion effects on gender roles and gender stereotypes details a survey performed at Huntington University. The participants were given a list of different roles in the church from head pastor, to nursery worker, to door greeter, usher and many others and were supposed to choose whether they believed a male or female should fulfill the role within the church. application/pdf This research will help add validity and research to the issues of prejudice and discrimination of both men and women in fields that traditional gender roles would not permit. 11 Vol. Results are reported according to couples’ discussion of role organization, role design, and outcomes. School brings children into direct contact with both their peers and their teachers; these people who enter the child’s life help the child to truly understand and comprehend their gender role in relation to society (Bhuiyan, 2007). 14 Vol. For example, 7-month-olds respond differently to male and female voices, and by 12 months of age, many i… 9 Vol. 43 0 obj Gender stereotypes are “widely held beliefs about the characteristics, behaviors, and roles of men and women” (Endendijk, 2013, pp.1). (2013). (8�z��f�-RL�=������0� [email protected]�6���, Religion and Gender in Christian, Jewish, and Muslim Married Couples. As expressed earlier the role of androgyny also plays a role in Christian perspectives on gender roles and stereotypes. Another major variable that gave us great results, was the different leadership roles within the church. Religion and culture as powerful institutions within society play a major role in shaping gender roles and perpetuating gender inequality and are powerful institutions within society. There also presents itself a stereotype threat. We ran other tests through SPSS but there was no correlation between them. Along with risks that men generally take it can allow for a term called hyper masculinity; it associates men with being more aggressive, it also associates men with being more likely to use drugs and alcohol, make more impulsive decisions, and seek danger. School can either cement a child’s gender role or it can cause a child to alter his or her belief of their assumed gender role. Journal of Personality Assessment, 50(2), 265. Hales, D. (2013). For instance, Christianity often puts women in a role that is submissive to the males in their lives. Another study done on occupational gender roles gives females the nurturing, caring, and sensitive roles, and gives to men decisive, cold, and “tough” roles. 2 Vol. We think that if this is done than a lot of answers will change as people have been out in the world, and have been married. The origin of gender roles can be associated to many different things. Grossman, P. (2013). Schooling is one of the most important socialization processes that children go through outside of their family (Bhuiyan, 2007). According to another journal by “Economic Inquiry”, stereotyping is the act of assigning to a member of a particular group a characteristic or trait based solely on the individual’s membership in that group (Grossman, 2013). 15 Teachers demonstrate the power relation of male and female as well as an adult stance on gender role, which comes from an adult that is not the child’s parent (Bhuiyan, 2007). The religion that a person chooses can also affect their gender development; much in the same way culture does, religion often has very definite gender roles that dictate the way males and females should behave. Ecumenical Review, 56(4), 459-460. However self-fulfilling prophesy was recorded in “Psychology of Sports and Exercise” in a study of how women do at math tests, when they are told they will not do well, they have lower scores; if they are told nothing they will normally score higher than if they are taunted (Hively, et al., 2014). 17 0 obj Also, emails and Facebook messages were sent to the research teams’ family and friends who were over 50 years of age. Call This media can slowly alter a person’s perception on what they believe their gender role is or should be, however the media can also confirm a person’s gender role. (2014). Experiencing the generation gap has given a different view however, to gender roles. “You throw like a girl:” The effect of stereotype threat on women’s athletic performance and gender stereotypes. Absurd masculinity: Will Ferrell’s time-bending comic persona. Sex Roles, 49, 663-667. These variables that we wanted to investigate based on our results were comparing the participants views on stereotypes and what they would do in a hypothetical situation to what their parents did in the same situation, and how they were raised and the example their parents set when it came to gender roles.

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